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A clear statement from Australia’s most prominent paediatric gender clinic, promoting the ‘medical pathway’ model of care: Australian Standards of Care and Treatment Guidelines for Trans and Gender Diverse Children and Adolescents, Melbourne: The Royal Children’s Hospital; 2018 A clear statement from arguably the world’s leading authority in childhood gender dysphoria, Dr Ken Zucker, concerning the importance and effectiveness of psychological and family therapy prior to resorting to the ‘medical pathway’: Kenneth J. Zucker et al (2012) A Developmental, Biopsychosocial Model for the Treatment of Children with Gender Identity Disorder, Journal of Homosexuality, 59:3, 369-397 – PDF available free of charge at the site. A historically significant paper in the MJA of the family dynamics underlying cases of gender dysphoria and the effectiveness of psychological and family therapy without any resort to the ‘medical pathway’: Kosky RJ Gender-disordered children: does inpatient treatment help? MJA.1987:146;June 1:565-569 A review article co-authored by the former chief psychiatrist of Johns Hopkins University and critic of the ‘medical pathway’, Professor Paul McHugh: Sexuality and Gender – Findings from the Biological, Psychological and Social Sciences; Part 3, Gender Identity. 2016 Science has shown that gender identity issues in children usually do not persist into adolescence or adulthood, and there is little scientific evidence for the therapeutic value of puberty-delaying treatments. We are concerned by the increasing tendency toward encouraging children with gender identity issues to transition to their preferred gender through medical and then surgical procedures. There is a clear need for more research in these areas. An Australian analysis of the legal and cultural consequences of the transgender movement: Byrne P, Transgender: One Shade of Grey, 2018 Articles by Professor John Whitehall are listed elsewhere at this site.